Robert John Thornton (1768 – 1837) was an English physician and botanical writer, and author of the highly ambitious project: New illustration of the sexual system of Carolus von Linnaeus. The most renowned section of this book was the lavishly illustrated The Temple of Flora, which included the image shown here. Many prominent artists of the day were employed to contribute to the book which took over 10 years to complete and ultimately bankrupted Thornton.